Hardwood floor grades, Oak grades - Clear Grade, Select
Grade, and common grades
The grade of wood you choose for your hardwood flooring
project is a personal preference, and should be based on the
desired look you want to achieve, as well as budget. Each grade
has it's own distinguished characteristics.
Hardwood Floor Grading Basics:
Practically free of defects, made up mostly of heartwood. Most
uniform color with limited small character marks. This grade will
cost more than other grades.
Select or 1st grade
Almost clear, with more of the normal characteristics such as
knots and color variations. Unlimited sound sap wood (lighter in
#1 Common or 2nd grade
More markings than clear or select. Light and dark colors, knots
and other character marks, including sticker stain, provide a
variegated appearance. Often the common grades are selected
because of their more natural, rustic appearance.
#2 Common or 3rd grade
The most knots, imperfections, and color variations. A natural,
more affordable floor, full of character. This is your choice if many
character markings are desired.
Plainsawn is the most common and least expensive method of
wood flooring cuts. Plainsawn contains more variation than the
other two cuts because grain patterns resulting from the growth
rings are more obvious. This is the most economical method
because it creates the widest boards with the least amount of
waste. The flooring will tend to expand and contract more across
the width of the boards.
Quartersawing produces less board feet per log than
plainsawing and is therefore is more expensive. The log is first
cut into quarters and then sawn perpendicular to the growth
rings. When quartersawn flooring is introduced to changing
climates and humidity, the wood expands and contracts vertically
instead of horizontal, and is therefore, a little more stable.
When shopping for flooring, if the cut is not specified, then it's
pretty safe to assume the most common, plainsawn.
|The Hardwood Guys, L.L.C.
Affordable Excellence in Hardwood Flooring.